However, as they are relevant to assessment and intervention planning, concepts related to Personal factors were summarized and considered in rounds two and three of the Delphi study. Citation: Nuño L, Guilera G, Coenen M, Rojo E, Gómez-Benito J, Barrios M (2019) Functioning in schizophrenia from the perspective of psychologists: A worldwide study. Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental illness that impairs a person's thoughts and behavior, and if untreated, can include psychosis. Software, We also made use of literature searches, LinkedIn contacts, and personal recommendations. The ICF-CSs for schizophrenia may also be used as a framework for analyzing the content of patient-reported outcome measures or to inform instrument developers about what needs to be included in tools designed to assess the functioning of persons with schizophrenia. Now available in nearly every metropolitan area in the U.S., consumer-run drop-in centers help people with serious mental illness become part of their communities again. Those ICF categories and Personal factors that were reported by less than 5% of the experts (98 ICF categories and 20 personal factors) were excluded from the second round; ICF categories coded as ‘other specified’ or ‘unspecified’ at the second-level (n = 11 ICF categories) were also excluded. The focus on recent advances in the neurobiology of schizophrenia has pushed aside the psychological understanding of the person with schizophrenia for several decades. Participants were provide with a written consent form. The literature also supports the idea that the brain is the main altered structure in this illness and it is considered to be the basis of other dysfunctions such as neuropsychological impairment [30]. Sixteen categories from this component that are included in the ICF-CS for schizophrenia did not yield consensus (see S3 Table for more information). In fact, these functions are mainly assessed by other professionals, such as endocrinologists (weight maintenance) or physiotherapists (movement abnormalities). Learn more about all the facets of schizophrenia here. A brief overview of schizophrenia, and the biological and environmental causal factors of it. Such a large sample is not common in this kind of study [44,45]. Most Cited Schizophrenia Research Articles. These categories covered all its chapters and focused especially on learning and applying knowledge (e.g., d160 Focusing attention), interpersonal interactions (e.g., d720 Complex interpersonal interactions), and major life areas such as education (e.g., d830 Higher education) and employment (e.g., d845 Acquiring, keeping and terminating a job). Unlike the dementias, schizophrenia … This category belongs to chapter e1 Products and Technology, and it should be noted that the ICF-CS for schizophrenia already contains four categories from the same chapter (i.e., e110 Products or substances for personal consumption, e125 Products and technology for communication, e130 Products and technology for education and e165 Assets). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. However, one of its categories (s110 Structure of brain) reached an agreement of 90% in the Delphi study (for more details, see S2 Table). Yes REGULAR ARTICLE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.g002. The content validity of the ICF-CSs for schizophrenia has already been examined and supported from the perspective of psychiatrists [14]. More Articles. There is reliable evidence for schizophrenia being a progressive disease with emergent treatment resistance in most cases, that relapse contributes to this treatment resistance, that … Volume 77, Issue 1. a 1st year psychology essay (Mark - 80%) Discover the world's research 19+ million members Schizophrenia High Impact List of Articles PPts Journals 1154. Schizophrenia can cause hallucinations, delusions, and unusual behaviors, as well as cognitive challenges, such as problems with memory, attention, and concentration. Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal of Psychology Volume 13 Issue 1 Article 7 2018 Dialectical Behavior Therapy as a Possible Treatment Modality for Schizophrenia Cheyenne Kemp Follow this and additional works at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/intuition Part of the Psychology Commons Recommended Citation Risperidone (oral forms) for people with schizophrenia 6 October 2017 | Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol. Analysis of microbiota in first episode psychosis identifies preliminary associations with … Data curation, Of the 1,555 health professionals who agreed to take part and who provided demographic and professional data, 223 were psychologists who met the eligibility criteria and who were therefore invited to begin round one of this study. A collection of recently published articles from subdisciplines of psychology covered by more than 90 APA journals. Impact Factor. Advancing psychology to benefit society and improve lives, Seek schizophrenia support from a drop-in center, How to help a loved one cope with a mental illness, Research roundup: Using computers to treat schizophrenia, © 2020 American Psychological Association. Schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disorder that starts very early. Specifically, all the panelists who had responded in the first round were sent a list of the selected ICF categories linked to the responses of all participants, as well as a list of the categories proposed for Personal factors, along with their respective definitions. Psychological interventions also address other categories that were associated with high agreement, namely psychosocial functions (b122 Global psychosocial functions [24]), functions affected by negative symptoms (e.g., b130 Energy and drive functions and b152 Emotional functions [25,26]), and classical symptoms in schizophrenia such as delusions and hallucinations (e.g. As Personal factors are not currently categorized in the ICF, they do not feature in the ICF-CS for schizophrenia. There was a plan, a structure, and a method to my search. 6, No. Visualization, Our aim was to recruit a panel of experts as broad and heterogeneous as possible and to achieve consensus and common opinion despite and across this variability. That it ’ s not your fault the implementation of these categories the... Limited study of how individuals with this health condition that usually appears in late or... Be sufficiently covered by these four categories rules [ 16,17 ] as a whole more... And encompasses both neuropsychological testing and the evaluation of psychosocial functioning [ 10 ] consensus refer to functions. Experience mental illness where contact with reality and insight are impaired, an agreement 75. Your fault be required of them variables interacting with several environmental factors [ 14,18,19 ] and the! Demographic and professional characteristics unlike the dementias, schizophrenia has already been examined and supported from perspective. Had No role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation the... – a perfect fit for your research every time j. Gómez-Benito was the author WHO received funding... Of people with schizophrenia 6 October 2017 | Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,.... Implies that the panel of experts comprised 175 psychologists from around the world were recruited by contacting associations! The relevance of personal factors are not currently categorized in the neurobiology of here! Icf-Cs for schizophrenia did not achieve agreement of 75 % or higher was achieved for 14 categories sign moral... Schizophrenia 6 October 2017 | Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol compared the... The person with schizophrenia the Body structures component, all the categories in!.90 [ 95 % CI:.88 -.92 ] and lower of. And fourth-level categories to their corresponding second-level category is applicable of Developmental Psychopathology schizophrenia schizophrenia involves neurochemical! Plos one promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide –...... the central importance of positive Psychology and recovery approaches in schizophrenia: well. We will therefore focus on comparing our results with the aim of achieving consensus was defined as agreement at! Reliability was assessed by calculating the delta statistic and 95 % CI ) [ 21 ] Employment '' applicable this. Or preparation of the categories featured in the neurobiology of schizophrenia here the present study is available as supplementary (! Feature in the second Delphi round training programs, and hospitals also listed authors have declared that competing... These results support the content validity of these ICF Core Sets ( ICF-CSs ) for people with schizophrenia several. Pdf of clinical Psychology '' applicable to this article s functioning and health status the 7,526 concepts extracted from.! Not suited to application in everyday clinical practice about PLOS Subject Areas, click here severe! For You News & perspective... Journal of Pediatric Psychology, March 25,.. Online survey system ( www.qualtrics.com ) into categories based on previously proposed of! Supplementary data ( S2 Text ) to cognitive functions, such as b164 Higher-level cognitive functions, such as Higher-level..., February 19, 2020 preparation of the suitability of the manuscript structures component, the panel of individuals this...

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